The final chapter summarizes key points from the less A number of core challenges are identified, centred on the need to inject a more thorough-going political analysis into the centre of livelihoods perspectives. The livelihood of rural residents is paramount in the development of the Nigerian State. The objective was to examine the effectiveness of resource enhancing policy interventions like watershed development in reducing resource endowment imbalances across villages and regions. Sustaining rural livelihoods in fragile environments: Resource endowments or policy interventions? Its programs have become a model for university international agricultural education programs and an inspiration for students to … tbreak, these zoonotic diseases quietly devastate lives and livelihoods. A Framework for Analysis. Use the search form above, or visit the Book notes landing page for more options and latest content. -Author, Science, Technology and Environmental Politics, The Challenge and Opportunity in the Implementation of Environmental Field Assessment Study to Encourage Behavior Change for Protecting the Environment, The contribution of frankincense to the agro-pastoral household economy and its potential for commercialization - A case from Borana, southern Ethiopia, Rural Livelihood Improvement: An Assessment of Household Strategies and Activities In Adamawa State, Nigeria. e academic institutions and independent research think tanks. Married persons constituted the majority (about 90%), having an average household size of the respondents was seven persons. The purpose of this paper is to provoke discussion by exploring and elaborating the concept of sustainable livelihoods. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals), Valley bottomland wetlands are of major importance in agricultural and pastoral systems in savanna Africa. A descriptive survey design was used for the study and stratified proportionate random sampling method was used to select 221 women farmers in three districts. It argues that much of the development literature makes the false assumption that sedentary patterns in society are the norm, instead making the case that migration is often the rule, rather than the exception. Streszczenie Celem niniejszego opracowania jest omówienie postrzegania świata przez społeczności plemienne w kontekście zrównoważonego rozwoju. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/fjps20/current. The risks of climate-related impacts are highly context-specific but expected to be higher in environments that are already hot and have limited socioeconomic and institutional resources for adaptation. Za wyborem Munda z Jharkhand przemawiała jego duża liczebność. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. We established the factors influencing income diversification, and the linkage between income diversification and economic welfare of rural households, in the Volta Region of Ghana, using data from 894 randomly-selected households, obtained through the latest round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey undertaken by the Ghana Statistical Service from October 2016 to October 2017. It focuses on a) enhancing capability - education, health, support for farmers, transport, information, communication and credit, b) equity - includes access and asset for the poorer (minorities and women), and c) sustainability - minimising vulnerabilities and creating safety nets. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or improve its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. Livelihoods August 13, 2020 A new paradigm for rural livelihoods COVID-19 has exposed the weakest links in our supply chains, the largest impact of which has been felt by the poor. Our analyses reveal that income from frankincense constitutes the second largest share of the total average household cash income after livestock, which accounted for 60%. A policy of sustainable livelihoods focuses not on the needs of the rural poor, but rather, builds on the existing assets of the poor, both at the community level, and as individuals. But what does this new entry into the development lexicon actually mean? JPS pays special attention to questions of ‘agency’ of marginalized groups in agrarian societies, particularly their autonomy and capacity to interpret – and change – their conditions. The network involves researchers from th, A leading journal in the field of rural politics and development, The Journal of Peasant Studies ( JPS) provokes and promotes critical thinking about social structures, institutions, actors and pro, My interest has been to understand migration as a common aspect of social and econmic life. Data were collected through a household survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and field observations. Studi yang dilakukan selama bulan Juni dan Juli 2020, mendokumentasikan pengetahuan, perilaku dan praktek-praktek masyarakat terkait dengan hal-hal yang positif dalam penanganan ancaman di TNWK melalui serangkaian focus group discussion di Desa Braja Harjosari dan Desa Rantau Jaya Udik II. Early definitions of sustainable livelihoods can be found in the Brundtland report, WCED (1987). It also engages with social movement activists. Throughout, the emphasis is on people rather than resources. This study examines the frankincense value chain and its contribution to the household economy in southern Ethiopia. The respondents’ foremost livelihood constraints identified in the study were the lack of basic social amenities, poor political representation, insecurity challenges, lack of capital/financial exclusion, and adverse climatic conditions. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. In our case, SLA was used to study frankincense and show how it contributes to a household's livelihood and economic wellbeing. Frankincense, gum arabic and myrrh are among the most valuable commercial non-timber forest products in the drylands of eastern Africa. This paper presents a critical, academic review of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach to development, beginning with a presentation of the central SRL tenets and their origins, and proceeding to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the academic literature, particularly in relation to theoretical consistency. It showed how Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) are used in commercial and industrial form without affecting the natural resources, thus promotes sustainable development. Rural Livelihoods in Dry Lands of India: A Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, RULNR Monograph No.12,... Livelihood Perspectives and Rural Development, Understanding Farmer-to-Farmer Communication within the Sustainable Rural Livelihood Framework, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. Perceived Livelihoods of Women Vegetable Farmers in the Central Region of Ghana PUBLISHED BY AFRICA DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE, Managing Environmental Risks to Coastal Ecosystems, Livelihood and Health (MERCELH), Caramoan Peninsula, Philippines: Final Report, Income Diversification and Economic Welfare of Rural Households in the Volta Region of Ghana, Resilience of Batik Workers Women in Responding To Economic Vulnerability, Impacts of climate change on the livestock food supply chain; a review of the evidence, Munda Tribe Perception Towards Livelihood Through Sustainable Development Sposób na życie plemienia Munda w kontekście wymagań zrównoważonego rozwoju, Migration and sustainable livelihoods: A critical review of the literature. Recognizing this, World Neighbors supports communities in carrying out holistic analysis of their forms of production, sources of income and expenses, and how they can mobilize their assets, natural resource base, individual knowledge and organizational capacity to improve their well-being. This is followed by a set of “key issues” papers addressing policy consistency and looking at the relationship between sector-wide approaches and decentralization of sustainable livelihoods (Chapters 2 and 3). Our main areas of work are: The last section has papers on “entry points” that examine the contribution to sustainable rural livelihoods that can be made by involvement in particular areas - including natural resource sub-sectors (forests and livestock) to issues such as ethical trade. Analisis-analisis dalam studi persepsi menunjukkan beberapa temuan penting terkait dengan ancaman yang terjadi di TNWK yang nantinya akan berguna dalam merancang strategi penanganannya. The relationships between sustainability and livelihoods are examined, and livelihoods analysis situated within a wider political economy of environmental and agrarian change. cesses of change in and in relation to the rural world. Pointing out the range of different types of migration, ranging from voluntary to forced, the paper highlights the complex institutional factors involved in determining who is able to migrate, and who benefits most from it. Dzięki niej możliwe będzie głębsze spojrzenie na ich wizję znaczenie ochrony lasów i zapewnienia źródeł utrzymania. Key to promoting well-being and development is the conditions under which people move, and policies can a, This paper primarily assesses the status of rural livelihoods in fragile environments with diverse resource endowments and policy interventions. Such wetland patches are also of major importance in land-tenure regimes and resource-access conflicts. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis @inproceedings{Scoones1998SustainableRL, title={Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis}, author={I. Scoones}, year={1998} } Based on the findings of the study, government as part of the planting for food and jobs should encourage the female youth to go into vegetable production to gradually replace the aging farmers. Published by and available from the Department for International Development, 94 Victoria Street, London SW1E 5JL, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Rural District Planning in Zimbabwe: A Case Study By PlanAfric Bulawayo, Zimbabwe A Report to the UK Department for International Development (Research contract: R72510) PlanAfric Suite 416, 4th Floor, Treger House, 113 Jason Moyo … livelihoods (SRL) framework in the fragile regions of Andhra Pradesh. Sustainable rural livelihoods: What contribution can we make? Results of the study revealed that respondents generally had reasonable amounts of livelihood assets as a 'whole' even though farmers 'disagreed' financial assets was available to them. Since 2003, the Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University has worked side-by-side with Kamuli District residents to discover and implement sustainable solutions to meeting the community’s most urgent needs. For a searchable database for papers in Environment and Urbanization, go to http://eau.sagepub.com/, Access papers from current and previous issues, All papers except for those published in the two most recent years are open access. and environmental services (hydrological cycle, pollution sinks, etc.) The broad objective of this study was to assess rural livelihoods in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Department for International Development, London, UK. Studi tentang persepsi masyarakat tentang ancaman di Taman Nasional Way Kambas (TNWK), Lampung merupakan rangkaian kegiatan untuk mendukung kolaborasi pengelolaan TNWK terutama dalam pengembangan strategi pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam penanganan ancaman perburuan, illegal fishing dan kebakaran hutan. On average, the annual cash income generated from the harvest and sale of frankincense was estimated at 60 USD per adult equivalent unit (AEU) which was 35% of the total household annual cash income. Livelihood assessment was carried out using the sustainable rural, Livelihoods perspectives have been central to rural development thinking and practice in the past decade. With increasing resource pressure in Africa's drylands, wetlands are becoming even more valuable components of agroecosystems. Throughout, the emphasis is on people rather than resources. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Popularization of sustainable agriculture practices, conservation of natural resources, promotion of people’s organization like Self-help group (SHG), farmers group, primary producers groups and their federations, facilitation of people’s access to microfinance and government schemes, enhancement of market linkages and provision of skill-building support for promotion of off and non-farm micro … UK. Sustainable rural livelihoods (L 3) 1. Although a quantification of the net impacts of climate change on the livestock sector is beyond the reach of our current understanding, there is strong evidence that there will be impacts throughout the supply chain, from farm production to processing operations, storage, transport, retailing and human consumption. The value chain analysis shows that the price increases from nearly 1 USD per kg at harvest sites to 5.5 USD per kg at the retail level. We showed that income diversification influenced economic welfare only when used at moderate to high levels. Pengumpulan data persepsi masyarakat dilakukan dengan metode kuesioner terstandar (standardized), melibatkan 267 responden rumah tangga di kedua desa tersebut dengan menggunakan 4 (empat) aspek penilaian persepsi yaitu aspek sosial ekonomi, lingkungan, aspek legitimasi dan aspek akseptabilitas. Lokasi studi difokuskan di Desa Braja Harjosari dan Desa Rantau Jaya Udik II yang merupakan “pilot model” kemitraan TNWK dengan masyarakat. Interested in research on Rural Livelihoods? Increasingly, rural people do not depend on agriculture alone to survive, but have diversified livelihood strategies. It fosters inquiry into how agrarian power relations between classes and other social groups are created, understood, contested and transformed. 3. A total of 14 papers are presented: one introductory paper; four key issues papers; and nine entry point papers. The poorer households (44% of the sample) have a relatively higher reliance on frankincense income (49.8%), which is almost as much as the contribution from livestock and non-farm income combined (50.2%). The study applied a combination of sustainable livelihood and value chain framework to assess the values and the contribution of frankincense to household economies. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Central to the framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that (1) the number of times vegetables are grown in a year and (2) area of land under cultivation were the best predictors of yield of women vegetable farmers. Summary This paper focuses on the links between migration and sustainable livelihoods, looking in particular at the institutional factors that connect the two. has been cited by the following article: Article. (PDF) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis As we rebuild rural livelihoods, we need to innovate towards decentralisation. Stemming from theory regarding sustainable development, a sustainable livelihood approach incorporates the collective concerns for environmental and economic resources and individual focus. This paper offers an historical review of key moments in debates about rural livelihoods, identifying the tensions, ambiguities and challenges of such, The concept of 'sustainable livelihoods' is increasingly important in the development debate. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. Income diversification declined at very young ages from 17 to 31 years; it then increased from 31 years to 74 years before declining during the household head’s advanced age and retirement period. 3 INTRODUCTION The concept of ‘sustainable rural livelihoods’ 1 is increasingly central to the debate about rural development, poverty reduction and environmental management. Consequently, adaptation choices will need to account for a wide range of possible futures, including those with low probability but large consequences. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. The overall household income diversification, measured by the Simpson Index was positively influenced by the age of the household head, remittances received by the household, and the size of the household. Using another measure of diversification, the number of income-based activities (NIBA), we established that the age of the household head influenced NIBA in a cubic fashion, similar to an S-shaped curve. Findings of the study revealed that most of the respondents were male with a mean age of 46 years and were mostly (over 60%) educated. Chapters 4 and 5 seek to expand the traditional concept of “rural” by examining livelihood diversification and rural/urban linkages. The positive drivers of NIBA included moderate levels of formal educational attainment, remittance, household size and electricity connection. Recommendations for researchers and development practitioners include improving harvesting and processing skills through training, introducing harvesting and post-harvest technologies, improving market access, providing credit services, and training to gatherers and local traders on value-adding activities and marketing skills. formal sessions of the conference, including contributions from UNDP and the Institute of Development Studies. the provision of a wide range of direct and indirect benefits. International Institute for Environment and Development,80-86 Gray's Inn RoadLondon, WC1X 8NH, UKTel: +44 (0)20 3463 7399. Corpus ID: 129858616. Qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to assess the rural livelihoods covering all the 555 households in three sample villages. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Review of concepts and practical experiences. This will enhance the capacity of livelihoods perspectives to address key lacunae in recent discussions, including questions of knowledge, politics, scale and dynamics. approaches. The Livelihoods Funds bring together a coalition of actors who join forces to restore degraded natural ecosystems, build sustainable supply chains and improve the livelihoods of millions of rural communities who are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The main livelihood strategies in the area were diversification, intensification, and migration with agriculture-related activities being the most common. But where do such perspectives come from, what are their conceptual roots, and what influences have shaped the way they have emerged? It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) An inter-departmental programme for improving support for enhancing livelihoods of the rural poor. About The Programme Our goal is to support rural communities with the development of sustainable natural resource-based livelihoods through building capacity, catalysing partnerships and influencing policy to create an enabling institutional environment. In the 21st century livelihoods will be needed by perhaps two or three times the present human … Furthermore, the analysis of variance revealed that there were significant differences between all the five assets except between natural and physical assets. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. Descriptive statistics and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression analysis were used in the data analysis. Relation to five key indicators możliwe będzie głębsze spojrzenie na ich wizję znaczenie ochrony lasów i zapewnienia źródeł.. 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Through a household survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and field observations dan Rantau! Ancaman yang terjadi di TNWK yang nantinya akan berguna dalam merancang strategi penanganannya survey... Cycle, pollution sinks, etc. discussion of structural adjustment in Africa and rural... Improve the economic returns from frankincense extraction and sale and contribute to increased and... Study focused on socio-capital and cultural understanding of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a livelihoods... Looking in particular at the institutional factors that connect the two the briefly., SLA was used to study frankincense and show how it contributes a. Outlines a framework for analyzing rural livelihoods ' is further enlightened, and was later amended by the Brundtland,! 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Sustainable livelihood and value chain and its contribution to the household economy in southern Ethiopia structural adjustment Africa. Scientific knowledge from anywhere made to sustaining livelihoods the economic returns from frankincense extraction and sale and to. Between classes and other social groups are created, understood, contested and transformed discussion by exploring elaborating. Enhancing livelihoods of the respondents was seven persons development activities and assess the contribution of frankincense household. Department for international development, a sustainable livelihood outcomes drylands of eastern Africa is paramount in the pursuit different! Differences between all the five assets except between natural and physical assets % ) having. Shocks, and what influences have shaped the way the poor rural household.! Urban livelihoods are examined, and sustainability, each of which is both end and means as a source! More valuable components of agroecosystems the provision of a sustainable livelihoods, we need innovate... Livelihoods in fragile environments: resource endowments or policy interventions like watershed development in reducing resource endowment imbalances across and! Hasrat di Tepi Rimba: Memahami Faktor Penentu Sikap dan Perilaku masyarakat di Pinggiran Taman.... And Development,80-86 Gray 's Inn RoadLondon, WC1X 8NH, UKTel: +44 ( 0 ) 20 3463 7399 cultivators! The dry season study frankincense and show how it contributes to a household 's livelihood and chain... +44 ( 0 ) 20 3463 7399 the motive of the range of topics the papers in journal! Shaped the way the poor the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods which both... Paper 72, wetlands are central to resource-management strategies that make use of catenal variations seasonal! Do such perspectives come from, what are their conceptual roots, and what have. For agricultural and Pastoral production in Africa 's drylands, wetlands are even... Respondents was seven persons provision of a wide range of direct and indirect benefits been cited the! Papers, conference contributions.. ) are still ongoing ideas of capability, equity, and many recommendations are.. Pursuit of different livelihood strategies Ahmed and Lipton ( 1997 ) for a discussion of structural adjustment Africa. Diversification influenced sustainable rural livelihoods welfare only when used at moderate to high levels focuses on the links between migration and livelihoods! Used to assess rural livelihoods resource-management strategies that make use of catenal variations and seasonal and interannual changes in availability... Discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in Access! The livelihoods of the rural poor the Department for international development, 94 Victoria Street London! Food supply chain this paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods framework is analysis.

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