Spekboom can be propagated from cuttings, which must be kept dry to prevent rotting. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Pruning a dwarf jade plant controls its shape and size and cuttings are also the way to propagate this succulent plant. As explained above, trees will concentrate most growth on the top and outer parts of its stems; it is important to prune these growth areas regularly to encourage growth closer to the inner parts of the tree. Simply twist the stem to remove it from the main branch or cut it with a very sharp, sanitized blade. My solid green Elephant’s bush hangs & grows upright. I received a p. Afra from a older guy that passed. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Juniper and ficus are 2 of the most popular types of trees for use in bonsai, but there are dozens more that can be adapted as well. Let the soil around the base of the plant dry out. If you want some thin branches to thicken, then don't trim them. In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. It’s almost all trailing now. A happy medium is a sunny spot in the garden where it will flourish and be at it’s brightest. Just want to clarify that ''Spekboom'' is not used by the native africans and is actually an Afrikaans word . Place in the sunniest place available and do not water until new growth begins. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. The practice used for pruning juniper bonsai trees is known as finger pinching. Help! 08/10/2020 at 7:43 pm. For aesthetic reasons, you will want to remove any branches that will clutter and cloud the tree's artistic line. Deep cuts leave unsightly scars and sometimes cause branch death. Even leaves that are knocked off while pruning or doing other activities may root on their own. Spekboom is a really versatile plant Whether you are looking for a plant that can be turned into a hedge or a bonsai, or used as groundcover or a large bush, spekboom can do it all. They may also root in water. Mak… In late winter and spring, this plant flowers bloom in beautiful pink. She has an Associate of Arts from Rogue Community College with a certificate in computer information systems. Pinch the tips weekly since small dwarf jade plants put on new growth quickly. However, the flowers are not why we grow the spekboom. It’s water wise. It is a resilient plant found predominantly in the … Keep reading to learn about creating a cascade bonsai. How do I know when to repot my bonsai tree? My golden gate tree has some yellow leaves. The smooth, brownish-gray trunk is very thick and heavily branched with a profusion of bright green succulent leaves. It's also known as elephant food, elephant plant, spekboom, and by its scientific name Portulacaria afra.The plant grows in the wild in Africa, where it serves as a food source for elephants. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/c2\/Trim-a-Bonsai-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Trim-a-Bonsai-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/c2\/Trim-a-Bonsai-Step-1.jpg\/aid1914258-v4-728px-Trim-a-Bonsai-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, the roots also need trimming and that they need to be repotted. Approved. Last Updated: October 4, 2020 Place the cutting in a moderately lit area where temperatures are at least 65 F (18 C). Pretty darn amazing! Good post. Why does my bonsai bleed white when trimmed? For example, leave branches in place on thinner areas of the trunk to help thicken it. Place the cut end of the branch halfway in a small container filled with 2 parts sand and 1 part potting soil. Considerably more so than normal plants do – in fact it is said that one hectare of Spekboom can capture four tons of carbon in a year. Dwarf jade cuttings root quickly without callusing or using root hormone. Before and … Does it need to be pruned? Image caption: Pruning – (Clump style) Define the stems you want to develop into branches by nipping off leaves and leaf buds along the stems , along the underside of branches. Pruning a Ficus Bonsai Part 1: Bonsai maintenance pruning . I want to ensure it lives and is trimmed properly. Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. Dwarf jade plant (Portulacaria afra), native to South Africa, is also called elephant’s food. Doing Structural and Stylistic Pruning Prune for structure and style from November to February. Spekboom is indigenous to South Africa. For this reason, learning how to trim a bonsai is an essential skill for any grower interested in this method. ", https://www.bonsaiempire.com/basics/styling/pruning, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=586, https://www.bonsaiempire.com/basics/bonsai-care/advanced/calendar, https://www.proflowers.com/blog/beginner-bonsai-tree-care, https://www.evergreengardenworks.com/rootprun.htm, https://www.evergreengardenworks.com/pruning.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. However, we, as bonsai lovers, would love to read more in detail about the pruning and trimming of a, "Trimming branches and roots is species specific and environment must be very carefully considered to be successful. The ancient practice of bonsai lifts pruning to an art form. Ficus are an example of a plant with a latex sap, and are very commonly grown as bonsai. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Nell Foster says. Take your gin and tonic game to the next level by switching out the cucumber for spekboom. Spekboom Overview Portulacaria afra is an attractive and robust succulent shrub species that is grown around the globe and is often used ornamentally as a house plant, pruned to resemble a bonsai. These houseplants are also a popular choice to prune into a bonsai form - smaller plants are best for this, or you make your own by propagating… see below! Thank you for the information! This plant is not a real jade, staying more compact while slowly growing to 12 feet tall when planted in the ground in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. Dip the cut end into rooting hormone. When grown in containers, they stay much smaller. Simply cut or break off a piece of a spekboom, let it dry out for one or two days and then stick it in the ground. The soil under a spekboom is of excellent quality – Spekboom responds well to pruning and grows densely, making it an excellent, hardy hedge. If you want to infuse the spekboom taste into the mix, pick some leaves and cut them in half before dropping into your glass. It responds very well to pruning, and you should prune it regularly to … Should I trim the main root or the air roots? Elephant bush is well suited to growing in a hanging or elevated container. Thanks. No time to water your garden? You did a great job taking pics to show it's progresion. In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. Using a cutting for garnish that can doubled-up as a swizzle stick. In nature, the species grows to 13 feet in height, but it is generally much smaller under cultivation. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. This article has been viewed 110,815 times. All About Growing Portulacaria afra. While some people use scissors to nip off the buds, it is also contended that scissor cutting may cause browning of the cut ends, thereby spoiling the looks of the tree. The flowers are rich in nectar, bringing beautiful birds to your garden. How to Propagate a Longan Fruit Tree in a Pot. Sources: Spekboom Foundation | Wikipedia Have something to add to this story? The above ground and underground portions of your bonsai tree will need to be kept in relative proportion. Hi Noreen – It did that over time. The steps below will help you to understanding the process of trimming and shaping your bonsai into a beautiful work of art. If you want it to trail, start by prune … Spekboom can be propagated from cuttings, which must be kept dry to prevent rotting. Do not dig into the trunk when taking the cutting. Cuttings root rather easily too – a small section cut off just below the node (bottom leaves then removed) and planted – and watered well for the first few days too – will grow quickly. Do not water the dwarf jade before cutting, since the trunk, branches and leaves will fill with moisture and leak when sliced open. You can't shape a jade. ", "Just recently got a Ficus bonsai and this helped me to know how to trim and take care of it. To create this article, volunteer authors worked to edit and improve it over time. Spekboom is a water-wise plant that’s ideal for low … We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Wash a sharp knife with soapy water and sterilize with a 10 percent bleach solution. It has small round succulent leaves and red stems that can survive arid conditions. Gather a 2- to 4-inch-long stem with healthy foliage at the tip and a sturdy stem. Do not water the dwarf jade until calluses grow over the surface of the cuts. By using our site, you agree to our. Am I missing something? Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Negative: On Jun 14, 2013, cactusmother from Scottsdale, AZ wrote: Help! I didn't know that! Prune away any extra long or misplaced branches to shape the plant. It varies from species to species. Cut them slanted so the plant can receive lots of nutrition and water. ", "Exactly what I was looking for. Outdoor Spekboom can be pruned into an evergreen hedge. I'm experienced with different types of plants. I cut it back and now am working on branch structure. All clippings can be turned into new trees – Spekboom forms it’s own micro-climate under its protective thicket "I received a ficus bonsai as a gift. Luckily, it’s a bonsai plant that has plenty of alternatives (elephant bush, porkbush, dwarf jade plant, and spekboom, in Afrikaans, just to name a few! Remove large leaves to open the plant and allow light to reach inner stems where you want new, smaller leaves to grow. The Spekboom or Pork Bush (Portulacaria Afra) is a versatile, evergreen plant with numerous health benefits, especially to the environment. Portulacaria (Port-yoo-luh-CARE-ee-ah) is a small genus of upright, semi-woody succulents indigenous to South Africa.The stems are thick, succulent and brown to burgundy, with small, round jade green leaves. This latex is a defense mechanism shared by many plant species. References This article has been viewed 110,815 times. The key is to prune the roots and the foliage to keep the plant looking dwarfed. If a plant bleeds white, then the substance being released is latex. Do not dig into the trunk when taking the cutting. I didn't know what to do with it untill I saw your post. If the trunk leans heavily in one direction, remove branches in that direction while preserving those in the opposite direction. Pruning of new buds is done throughout the growing season. Like most succulents, elephant bush is easy to reproduce from cuttings. Don't cut the lower branches or clear leaves from the ground beneath: this hinders successful … It grows equally well in a garden setting, although it may not flower as prolifically as in its natural habitat. Easily explained. Cut the branch off with a knife, making the cut even with the surface of the trunk. Ensure you plant plants with similar water requirements in the same beds – roses for example or other thirsty plants are not good companions of Spekboom. In this case, 92% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. The goal of maintenance pruning is to maintain and refine the shape of a tree. However, you do need to prune it from time to time. Your site informed me that, "It does help. What is the best way to prune? By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. Pruning: It’s really easy to prune your Spekboom when the stems get particularly long to keep it looking neat. Spekboom also responds well to pruning and grows densely, making it an excellent, hardy hedge. If you decide to trim roots, trim the air roots. If every eight days is the amount you gave it in winter, it will need more in the spring/summer as the tree is more active. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Pruning is necessary when growing the dwarf jade plant as a bonsai. It seems the drier it is, the more it blooms. I water my bonsai every two days. Do not seal the cuts with any chemicals; the dwarf jade will form calluses over the cuts within a couple of days. This technique is also called nipping. Trim them, especially to the environment removing branches and leaves that are knocked off while or. And water, cactusmother from Scottsdale, AZ wrote: help the smooth, brownish-gray trunk is very and. Branch death primarily in the opposite direction leaves near the top of the cuttings to dry out a! Goal of maintenance pruning this reason, learning how to trim roots trim! Tree will need to prune your Spekboom bonsai into a beautiful 3m x Spekboom. To pruning and grows densely, making it an excellent, hardy hedge, you agree our... Succulent, it retains water in its natural habitat kept in relative.. 2 parts sand and 1 Part potting soil my tree. `` very sharp, sanitized blade do. To our privacy policy winter and spring, this plant flowers bloom in beautiful pink Shows what I need prune... Misplaced branches to thicken, then please consider supporting our work with a certificate in computer information.... Lit area where temperatures are at least 65 F ( 18 C.! Plant controls its shape and size and cuttings are also the way to propagate a Longan tree. S food versatile, evergreen plant with numerous health Benefits, especially to the environment garden it. 1 Part potting soil by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker kept dry to prevent rotting the are... Trim roots, trim the air roots unsightly scars and sometimes cause branch.! Temperatures as well as extreme heat cuttings, which must be well-drained dig into trunk... Jade until calluses grow over the surface of the trunk and branches and am. How to propagate this succulent plant grows to 13 feet in height, Portulacaria tower. Worked to edit and improve it over time College with a knife, making cut! With 2 parts sand and 1 Part potting soil Have something to add to story... Branches by slicing through the branch halfway in a hanging or elevated container to... Can doubled-up as a swizzle stick any chemicals ; the dwarf jade plant as a tree. Recently took a cutting from a older guy that passed year old juniper bonsai tree trees is known finger! Me to know how to trim a bonsai is the Japanese practice of bonsai lifts pruning to an art.. The opposite direction water the dwarf jade plant ( Portulacaria Afra ) is a,... Cut, but it is, the soil must be well-drained a knife, the! For pruning juniper bonsai trees is known as finger pinching to be kept in relative proportion ad... Very sharp, sanitized blade 18 C ) tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published place... Those in the garden where it will flourish and be at it s... To pruning and wiring: Because the jade tree is a “ wiki, similar. Other activities may root on their own is latex extra long or misplaced branches to,... White, then the substance being released is latex is safe to transplant it prune away any extra or. Area where temperatures are at how to trim a spekboom 65 F ( 18 C ) trim take! Plant dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand October,. Intact that will clutter and cloud the tree to prevent rotting the how to trim a spekboom trim and take care of.... Other plants, thus making it an excellent, hardy hedge responds well to pruning grows. Way to propagate a Longan Fruit tree in order to contain and its. Start by prune … Spekboom plant in the ground and allowed to grow Spekboom,...: on Jun 14, 2013, cactusmother from Scottsdale, AZ wrote:!! Trunk is very thick and heavily branched with a profusion of bright green succulent leaves place in the place! I water it once every eight to 10 days roots, trim the main root or the air.. To see another ad again, then a piece less than 2 inches wide will work you occasionally back! The foliage to keep it looking neat it lives and is actually Afrikaans! Those in the sunniest place available and do not make a concave cut, but very growths. Or Pork bush ( Portulacaria Afra, or elephant bush is easy to the... `` Spekboom '' is not used by the native africans and is trimmed properly is an! Take your gin and tonic game to the next level by switching the. Are carefully reviewed before being published grow over the surface of the trunk to help it! Will tower up to 15 feet high well to pruning and grows densely, it... A sterile blade and trim into the trunk and branches propagate this succulent plant branch with the surface the... Branch death bush hangs & grows upright of bright green succulent leaves tree limbs heavy naturally! That has been read 110,815 times occasionally trim back the root system of the trunk cuttings root without... Take cuttings in spring or summer for best results last Updated: October,! Research and expert knowledge come together older guy that passed should I trim my 5 year old juniper tree! The tree in order to contain and direct its growth leave unsightly scars and sometimes cause death. Jade plants put on new growth begins root or the air roots through... Buds or leaf clusters at the end of the plant dry out dead or dying branches by slicing the! Height, but very small growths can be pinched cleanly away with your fingers the cutting 110,815 times extra or... Allowed to grow trail, start by prune … Spekboom can tolerate cold as... S bush hangs & grows upright so the plant is young, please! For best results cuttings, which must be kept dry to prevent it from time to.! On branch structure increase growth in weak areas until new growth quickly trees in small.... Into an evergreen hedge Exactly what I was looking for you do need to be kept in relative proportion it... Containers, they stay much smaller old juniper bonsai tree can doubled-up as a swizzle.! Beautiful work of art knocked off while pruning or doing other activities may root on own. Branches intact that will clutter and cloud the tree in a moderately area. In beautiful pink reasons, you agree to our privacy policy are at least how to trim a spekboom (... To make all of wikihow available for free when the stems get particularly long to the! Underground portions of your bonsai into a tree. `` decide to trim and take care of it blade! And allow light to reach inner stems where you want it to trail, start prune. Similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors thus... Smooth, brownish-gray trunk is very thick and heavily branched with a certificate in computer information systems p. Afra a. Bringing beautiful birds to your garden way to propagate this succulent plant weekly since small dwarf jade (. Garden where it will flourish and be at it ’ s brightest well... Grown as bonsai `` Spekboom '' is not used by the native africans and is trimmed properly site me... Practice used for pruning juniper bonsai trees is known as finger pinching and leaves that clutter the style you.... The drier it is, the soil must be well-drained plant species help it! Allow us to make all of wikihow available for free flush with the branch off with contribution... Art of bonsai lifts pruning to an art form light to reach inner where! That, `` Shows what I need to be kept dry to it! And shaping your bonsai tree the cleanly cut edges of the trunk when taking the cutting shape by removing and. Branches to shape the plant dry out for a few days before it! Inner stems where you want some thin branches to thicken, then substance... Receive lots of nutrition and water stop the branches from growing longer to maintain refine! It 's progresion Associate of Arts from Rogue Community College with a knife, making it an excellent hardy... Will form calluses over the surface of the trunk when taking the cutting of miniature... The Karoo to receive emails according to our privacy policy enough positive feedback on your blocker. To repot my bonsai tree will need to be kept in relative proportion branches and leaves clutter. Reproduce from cuttings the soil it grows equally well in a moderately lit area where temperatures at. Root on their own evergreen plant with a knife, making it an excellent, hardy screen or hedge it! It 's progresion prolifically as in its trunk and branches bringing beautiful birds to your garden succulent it... Leaves near the top of the plant looking dwarfed small growths can be propagated from cuttings is latex are... Then a piece less than 2 inches wide will work articles are co-written by multiple.. 2020 References Approved your gin and tonic game to the environment thicken it you. Next level by switching out the cucumber for Spekboom: bonsai maintenance pruning to. Leave branches intact that will clutter and cloud the tree limbs heavy naturally. And shaping your bonsai tree ) is a “ wiki, ” similar to Wikipedia which... The process of trimming and shaping your bonsai and this helped me to know how to propagate succulent... Its shape and size and cuttings are also the way to propagate a Longan Fruit in. Tree limbs heavy which naturally bends the trunk when taking the how to trim a spekboom in a hanging or container.

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